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Mmaraka oa E-Rickshaw - Tlhatlhobo ea Liindasteri Lefats'eng, Boholo, Kabelo, Khōlo, Tloaelo le Boemo ba Leholimo, 2020 - 2026

E-Rickshaw ke koloi e tsamaeang ka motlakase, e mabili a mararo e sebelisetsoang merero ea khoebo molemong oa ho tsamaisa bapalami le thepa. E-rickshaw e boetse e tsejoa e le tuk-tuk ea motlakase le toto. E sebelisa betri, motor traction, le powertrain ea motlakase ho tsamaisa koloi.
Li-rickshaw ke mokhoa o hlahelletseng oa lipalangoang tsa baeti, haholoholo India, China, ASEAN le linaha tse 'maloa Afrika. Litsenyehelo tse tlase tsa lipalangoang, litheko tse tlase tsa rickshaw, le ho tsamaisoa ha tsona litseleng tse petetsaneng tsa litoropo ke melemo e meng ea li-rickshaw, tse tsamaisang tlhoko ea tsona lefats'eng ka bophara. Ntle le moo, litloaelo tse thata tsa ho tsoa, ​​ho nyoloha ha litheko tsa mafura, khothatso ho feta li-e-rickshaws, le mefuta e mengata ea li-rickshaws li fetola maikutlo a bareki ho li-rickshaws. Ntle le moo, thibelo e lebelletsoeng ea makoloi a tsamaeang ka mafura e kanna ea ts'ehetsa tlhoko ea li-rickshaws.
Mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o thibetsoe haholo ke meralo ea motheo e sa tsoelang pele ea ho tjhaja thepa linaheng tse ngata. Ho feta moo, khaello ea melaoana e boetse e thibela mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw.
Mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o ka aroloa ho latela mofuta oa rickshaw, matla a betri, tekanyo ea matla, likarolo, ts'ebeliso le sebaka. Mabapi le mofuta oa rickshaw, mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o ka aroloa likarolo tse peli. Ha ho nahanoa ka tlhoko e tlase ea boima bakeng sa ts'ebetso e phahameng, sekhahla sa kamohelo ea mofuta o bulehileng oa li-rickshaw se ntse se phahama har'a bareki.
Ho ipapisitse le matla a betri, mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o ka aroloa likarolo tse peli. E phahamisa matla a betri, e telele ho feta mefuta ea e-rickshaw; ka hona, beng ba ona ba khetha li-rickshaw tse nang le bokhoni bo phahameng. Leha ho le joalo, bakeng sa libeteri tse nang le matla a holimo, boima boa eketseha ka bongata. Mabapi le tekanyetso ea matla, mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o ka aroloa ka likarolo tse tharo. Tlhokahalo ea li-rickshaw tse nang le matla a motlakase lipakeng tsa 1000 le 1500 Watt ea nyoloha, e lebisitsoeng haholo ho theko ea tsona e tsamaeang le ho tsamaisoa ha torque haholo.
Mabapi le likarolo, 'maraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o ka aroloa likarolo tse hlano. Battery ke karolo ea bohlokoa ebile e theko e phahameng ea e-rickshaw. Batri e hloka ho e lokisa khafetsa mme e hloka hore e kenngoe kamora nako e itseng, ho netefatsa ts'ebetso e boreleli le e sebetsang ea koloi. Chassis ke karolo e 'ngoe ea bohlokoa ea e-rickshaw mme ka hona, e ikarabella bakeng sa karolo e kholo ea mmaraka, mabapi le lekhetho. Ho ipapisitsoe le ts'ebeliso, mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o ka aroloa ka lipalangoang tsa baeti le lipalangoang tsa thepa. Karolo ea lipalangoang tsa bapalami e ne e na le karolo e hlahelletseng ea mmaraka, ho latela chelete, ka 2020, e lebisitsoeng ho ts'ebeliso e eketsehileng ea li-rickshaw bakeng sa phallo ea baeti. Ho feta moo, ho kenyelletsoa ha li-rickshaw ke lik'hamphani tsa lipalangoang tse batloang haholo ho kanna ha ts'ehetsa karolo ea lipalangoang tsa baeti ea mmaraka.
Mabapi le sebaka, mmaraka oa lefats'e oa e-rickshaw o ka aroloa ka libaka tse hlano tse hlahelletseng. Asia Pacific e bile karolo e kholo ea mmaraka, ho latela lekhetho, ka 2020, eo haholo-holo e bakoang ke tlhoko e ntseng e phahama ho tsoa ho bareki, likhothaletso tsa mmuso le maano a ts'ehetso, thibelo ea li-rickshaw tse nang le mafura le ho eketsa litheko tsa mafura. Ho feta moo, li-rickshaw ke mokhoa o hlahelletseng oa lipalangoang libakeng tsa litoropo tsa linaha tse 'maloa tsa Asia, joalo ka China le India. Ho feta moo, boteng ba baetsi ba e-rickshaw ba etelletseng pele ke mokhanni e mong ea tummeng oa mmaraka oa e-rickshaw Asia Pacific.
Libapali tsa mantlha tse sebetsang 'marakeng oa e-rickshaw ke Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited, MICROTEK, Nezonegroup, Arna Electric Auto Private Limited, GREEN VALLEY MOTORS, GEM E Rickshaw, SuperEco, Bajaj Auto Limited, Xianghe Qiangsheng Electric Tricycle Factory, Hitek Electric Auto Co ., YUVA E RICKSHAW, JS AUTO (P) LTD., Le Pace Agro Pvt. Ltd.
Tlaleho e fana ka tlhahlobo e felletseng ea mmaraka. E etsa joalo ka leseli le tebileng la boleng, tlhaiso-leseling ea nalane le likhakanyo tse ka netefatsoang ka boholo ba mmaraka. Likhakanyo tse hlahisitsoeng tlalehong li nkuoe ka mekhoa ea bopaki e netefalitsoeng le likhopolo. Ka ho etsa joalo, tlaleho ea lipatlisiso e sebetsa e le pokello ea tlhahlobo le tlhaiso-leseling bakeng sa karolo e ngoe le e ngoe ea mmaraka, ho kenyeletsoa empa ho sa lekanyetsoe ho: Limmaraka tsa tikoloho, mahlale, mefuta le lits'ebeliso.
Boithuto ke mohloli oa lintlha tse tšepahalang ho:
Likarolo tsa 'maraka le likaroloana
Mekhoa le limatlafatsi tsa mmaraka
Reka le ho batla
Boholo ba 'maraka
Maemo / menyetla / liphephetso tsa hajoale
Sebaka sa tlholisano
Tsoelo-pele ea theknoloji
Liketane tsa boleng le tlhahlobo ea bankakarolo
Tlhatlhobo ea lebatooa e akaretsa:
Amerika Leboea (US le Canada)
Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile le tse ling)
 Europe Bophirima (Jeremane, UK, France, Spain, Italy, Linaha tsa Nordic, Belgium, Netherlands le Luxembourg)
 Europe Bochabela (Poland le Russia)
Asia Pacific (China, India, Japane, ASEAN, Australia le New Zealand)
Bochabela bo Hare le Afrika (GCC, Afrika Boroa le Afrika Leboea)
Tlaleho e hlophisitsoe ka lipatlisiso tse pharalletseng tsa mantlha (ka lipuisano, lipatlisiso le maikutlo a bahlahlobisisi ba nang le boiphihlelo) le lipatlisiso tsa bobeli (tse nang le mehloli e tsebahalang e lefuoang, likoranta tsa khoebo le litsamaiso tsa 'mele tsa indasteri). Tlaleho e boetse e na le tekolo e felletseng ea boleng le bongata ka ho sekaseka lintlha tse bokelletsoeng ho bahlahlobi ba indasteri le bankakarolo ba mmaraka ho pholletsa le lintlha tsa bohlokoa ketaneng ea boleng ba indasteri.
Tlhatlhobo e arohaneng ea mekhoa e atileng 'marakeng oa motsoali, lits'oants'o tse kholo le tse nyane tsa moruo, le melao le litaelo li kenyelelitsoe tlasa ponelopele ea boithuto. Ka ho etsa joalo, tlaleho e hlahisa khahleho ea karolo ka 'ngoe e kholo nakong ea ponelopele.
Lintlha-kholo tsa tlaleho:
Tlhahlobo e felletseng ea mokokotlo, e kenyeletsang tlhahlobo ea mmaraka oa motsoali
Liphetoho tsa bohlokoa mefuteng ea mmaraka
Karolo ea 'maraka ho fihlela boemong ba bobeli kapa ba boraro
Boholo ba nalane, ba hajoale le bo hlahisitsoeng ba mmaraka ho latela boleng le bophahamo
Ho tlaleha le ho lekola liketsahalo tsa morao-rao tsa indasteri
Likarolo tsa 'maraka le maano a libapali tsa bohlokoa
Ho kenya likarolo tsa maraka le limmaraka tsa tikoloho
Tlhahlobo ea sepheo sa 'maraka
Likhothaletso ho lik'hamphani bakeng sa ho matlafatsa metheo ea tsona 'marakeng   
Tlhokomeliso: Leha tlhokomelo e nkuoe ho boloka maemo a phahameng ka ho fetisisa a ho nepahala litlalehong tsa TMR, liphetoho tse ikhethileng tsa mmaraka / morekisi li ka nka nako ho li hlahloba.
Boithuto bona ba TMR bo akaretsa moralo oa matla a 'maraka. Haholo-holo e na le tlhahlobo ea bohlokoa ea maeto a bareki kapa a bareki, mekhoa ea hajoale le e hlahang, le moralo oa leano ho thusa li-CXO ho nka liqeto tse sebetsang.
Morero oa rona oa mantlha ke 4-Quadrant Framework EIRS e fanang ka pono e qaqileng ea likarolo tse 'ne:
 Mebapa ea Boiphihlelo ba Bareki
Maikutlo le Lisebelisoa tse ipapisitseng le lipatlisiso tse tsamaisoang ke data
Liphetho tse fumanehang ho fihlela lintho tsohle tse tlang pele bophelong ba khoebo
Moralo oa Leano ho matlafatsa leeto la kholo
Phuputso e loanela ho lekola litebello tsa hona joale le kholo ea kholo, mekhoa e sa sebetsoang, lintlha tse bopehang bokhoni ba bona ba lekhetho, le tlhokeho le mekhoa ea ts'ebeliso 'marakeng oa lefatše ka ho e roba tlhahlobo e bohlale ea tikoloho.
Likarolo tse latelang tsa tikoloho li koahetsoe ka botlalo:
Amerika Leboea
Asia Pacific
Europe
Latin America
 Botlhabagare le Aforika
Moralo oa likotara tse robeli tsa EIRS tlalehong ena o akaretsa lipatlisiso le likeletso tse tsamaisoang ke data bakeng sa li-CXO ho li thusa ho etsa liqeto tse betere bakeng sa likhoebo tsa bona le ho lula e le baetapele.
Ka tlase ho na le setšoantšo sa li-quadrants tsena.
1. Mapa oa Boiphihlelo ba Bareki
Phuputso e fana ka tlhahlobo e tebileng ea maeto a fapaneng a bareki a amanang le mmaraka le likarolo tsa ona. E fana ka maikutlo a fapaneng ka bareki mabapi le lihlahisoa le ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebeletso. Tlhatlhobo e shebisisa lintlha tsa bona tsa bohloko le tšabo libakeng tse fapaneng tsa bareki. Mekhoa ea lipuisano le tlhaiso-leseling ea khoebo e tla thusa bankakarolo ba nang le thahasello, ho kenyeletsoa le li-CXO, ho hlalosa limmapa tsa boiphihlelo ba bareki tse ipapisitseng le litlhoko tsa bona. Sena se tla ba thusa ho ikemisetsa ho matlafatsa boitlamo ba bareki le lihlahisoa tsa bona.
2. Tsebo le Lisebelisoa
Maikutlo a fapaneng thutong a ipapisitse le mekoloko e mengata ea lipatlisiso tsa mathomo le tsa bobeli tseo bahlahlobi ba kenang le tsona nakong ea lipatlisiso. Bahlahlobisisi le baeletsi ba litsebi ba TMR ba sebelisa lisebelisoa tse akaretsang tsa indasteri, tse ngata tsa leseli le mekhoa ea ho bapatsa 'maraka ho fihlela sephetho, se ba etsang hore ba tšepahale. Phuputso ha e fane feela ka likhakanyo le likhakanyo, empa hape le tekolo e sa silafatsoang ea lipalo tse mabapi le matla a mmaraka. Leseli lena le kopanya moralo oa lipatlisiso o tsamaisoang ke data le lipuisano tsa boleng ba beng ba likhoebo, li-CXO, baetsi ba melao le batseteli. Leseli le tla thusa bareki ba bona ho hlola litšabo tsa bona.
3. Actionable Liphetho
Sephetho se hlahisitsoeng phuputsong ena ke TMR ke tataiso ea bohlokoahali bakeng sa ho fihlela lintho tsohle tse tlang pele bophelong ba khoebo, ho kenyeletsoa le tse hlokolosi tsa boromuoa. Liphetho ha li kenngwa tšebetsong li bonts'itse melemo e tšoarehang ho bankakarolo ba khoebo le likhoebong tsa indasteri ho matlafatsa ts'ebetso ea bona. Liphetho li etselitsoe ho lekana moralo oa leano la motho ka mong. Phuputso e boetse e bonts'a tse ling tsa lithuto tsa haufinyane mabapi le ho rarolla mathata a fapaneng ke lik'hamphani tseo ba tobaneng le tsona leetong la bona la kopanyo.
4. Moralo oa Leano
Phuputso e hlomella likhoebo le mang kapa mang ea nang le thahasello 'marakeng ho rala meralo e pharalletseng ea maano. Sena se bile bohlokoa ho feta neng kapa neng, ka lebaka la ho se ts'oanehe ha hajoale ka lebaka la COVID-19. Phuputso e shebana le lipuisano bakeng sa ho hlola litšitiso tse fapaneng tsa nakong e fetileng mme e lebelletse tse ncha ho matlafatsa boitokisetso. Mekhoa ena e thusa likhoebo ho rala meralo ea tsona ea maano bakeng sa ho hlaphoheloa mokhoeng o joalo oa pherekano. Ho feta moo, litsebi tsa TMR li u thusa ho senya boemo bo rarahaneng le ho tlisa botsitso linakong tse sa tsitsang.
Tlaleho e fana ka leseli la lintlha tse fapaneng le likarabo tsa lipotso tse amanang le 'maraka. Tse ling tsa bohlokoa ke:
1. Ke likhetho life tse ntle ka ho fetisisa tsa ho tsetela bakeng sa ho kena sehlahisoa le lits'ebeletso tse ncha?
2. Ke litlhahiso life tsa boleng tseo likhoebo li lokelang ho ikemisetsa ho li etsa ha li etsa chelete e ncha ea lipatlisiso le nts'etsopele?
3. Ke melao efe e tla thusa haholo bankakarolo ho matlafatsa marang-rang a bona a phepelo?
4. Ke libaka life tse ka bonang tlhokeho e hola likarolong tse ling haufinyane?
5. Ke maqheka afe a mang a ntlafatsang litšenyehelo le barekisi ao libapali tse ling tse metseng hantle li atlehileng ka ona?
6. Ke lintlha life tsa bohlokoa tseo C-suite e li sebelisang ho tsamaisa likhoebo molemong oa kholo e ncha?
7. Ke melao efe ea mmuso e ka phephetsang boemo ba mebaraka ea mantlha ea libaka?
8. Boemo bo hlahang ba lipolotiki le ba moruo bo tla ama menyetla joang libakeng tse kholo tsa kholo?
9. Menyetla e meng ea ho ikhapela boleng likarolong tse fapaneng ke efe?
10. Mokoallo oa ho kena ha libapali tse ncha 'marakeng e tla ba eng?
Ka boiphihlelo bo matla ba ho theha litlaleho tse ikhethang tsa mmaraka, Patlisiso ea Mmaraka ea Transparency e hlahile e le e 'ngoe ea lik'hamphani tse tšepahalang tsa lipatlisiso tsa mmaraka har'a palo e kholo ea bankakarolo le li-CXO. Tlaleho e ngoe le e ngoe ea Transparency Market Research e etsa ts'ebetso e matla ea lipatlisiso maemong ohle. Bafuputsi ba TMR ba shebile 'marakeng ka hloko' me ba ntša lintlha tse thusang ho holisa kholo. Lintlha tsena li thusa bankakarolo ho rala meralo ea bona ea khoebo ka nepo.
Bafuputsi ba TMR ba etsa lipatlisiso tse felletseng tsa boleng le bongata. Phuputso ena e kenyelletsa ho kenya letsoho ho tsoa ho litsebi 'marakeng, ho tsepamisitsoe maikutlo lintlafatso tsa morao-rao le ba bang. Mokhoa ona oa ho etsa lipatlisiso o etsa hore TMR e hlahelle ho lifeme tse ling tsa lipatlisiso tsa mmaraka.
Mona ke kamoo Patlisiso ea Mmaraka ea Transparency e thusang bankakarolo le li-CXO ka litlaleho:
Ho kenya letsoho le ho lekola tšebelisano 'moho: Bafuputsi ba TMR ba sekaseka mesebetsi ea morao-rao ea maano joalo ka ho kopanya, ho fumana thepa, tšebelisano' moho, tšebelisano 'moho le likhoebo tse kopanetsoeng. Boitsebiso bohle bo hlophisitsoe mme bo kenyelelitsoe tlalehong.
Likhakanyo tsa boholo ba mmaraka bo phethahetseng: Tlaleho e sekaseka palo ea batho, kholo ea kholo, le bokhoni ba mmaraka nakong ea ponelopele. Ntlha ena e lebisa ho tekanyetso ea boholo ba mmaraka hape e fana ka kemiso ea hore na mmaraka o tla khutlisa kholo joang nakong ea tlhahlobo.
Patlisiso ea Tsetelo: Tlaleho e tsepamisitse maikutlo ho menyetla e tsoelang pele le e tlang ea ho tsetela 'marakeng o itseng. Lintlafatso tsena li etsa hore bankakarolo ba hlokomele boemo ba hajoale ba ho tsetela 'marakeng.
Tlhokomeliso: Leha tlhokomelo e nkuoe ho boloka maemo a phahameng ka ho fetisisa a ho nepahala litlalehong tsa TMR, liphetoho tse ikhethileng tsa mmaraka / morekisi li ka nka nako ho li hlahloba.


Nako ea poso: Mar-12-2021